4.11. DNS Keywords¶
There are some more content modifiers (If you are unfamiliar with content modifiers, please visit the page Payload Keywords These ones make sure the signature checks a specific part of the network-traffic.
With dns_query the DNS request queries are inspected. The dns_query keyword works a bit different from the normal content modifiers. When used in a rule all contents following it are affected by it. Example:
alert dns any any -> any any (msg:”Test dns_query option”; dns_query; content:”google”; nocase; sid:1;)
The dns_query keyword affects all following contents, until pkt_data is used or it reaches the end of the rule.
22.214.171.124. Normalized Buffer¶
Buffer contains literal domain name
- <length> values (as seen in a raw DNS request) are literal ‘.’ characters
- no leading <length> value
- No terminating NULL (0x00) byte (use a negated relative
isdataatto match the end)
Example DNS request for “mail.google.com” (for readability, hex values are encoded between pipes):
DNS query on the wire (snippet):